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Rhodes is the largest island of the Dodecanese and takes its name from the flower of the same name.
It was inhabited for the first time during the Neolithic era. In the 8th century e.g. the Dorians arrived on the island, who built 3 cities: Lindos, Ialyssos and Kamiros. The Colossus of Rhodes, the giant bronze statue and one of the Seven Wonders of the World, was built in 280 BC. and was demolished by the earthquake of 224 BC. No part of it survives today. In 408 BC the three cities were united into a single territory and created the city of Rhodes, a new capital at the northern tip of the island. During the Hellenistic period, the island developed into an important commercial and cultural center.
Rhodes Through the Ages - Nafsika Hotel

Rhodes Through the Ages

The 2nd c. e.g. Rhodes became an ally of Rome and a little later part of the Roman Empire. In 57 AD Saint Paul visited the island and spread Christianity to its inhabitants. When the Roman Empire was divided in 395 AD, Rhodes was included in the Byzantine Empire. In 1309, the Knights of the Order of Saint John settled on the island and gave the city a series of magnificent buildings, protected by an impressive fortification wall.
In 1522 the Dodecanese became the property of the Ottoman Empire until 1912, when they came under the possession of the Italians.
The Treaty of Paris ended the occupation and in March 1948 the islands were annexed to the rest of Greece.